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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 1  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 448

Hypopyon in Calotropis toxicity

1 Cornea and Refractive Services, Aravind Eye Hospital, Tirunelveli, Tamil Nadu, India
2 Paediatric and Strabismology Services, Aravind Eye Hospital, Tirunelveli, Tamil Nadu, India

Date of Web Publication02-Jul-2021

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Venugopal Anitha
Cornea and Refractive Services, Aravind Eye Hospital and Post Graduate Institute of Ophthalmology, Tirunelveli - 627 001, Tamil Nadu
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijo.IJO_358_21

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How to cite this article:
Anitha V, Ravindran M. Hypopyon in Calotropis toxicity. Indian J Ophthalmol Case Rep 2021;1:448

How to cite this URL:
Anitha V, Ravindran M. Hypopyon in Calotropis toxicity. Indian J Ophthalmol Case Rep [serial online] 2021 [cited 2021 Oct 19];1:448. Available from: https://www.ijoreports.in/text.asp?2021/1/3/448/320140

A 41-year-old man presented with the acute painless loss of vision in the right eye of 5 days duration. The vision in the right eye was 20/200 with diffuse corneal edema, Descemet's membrane folds, hypopyon of 1 mm, and reduced corneal sensation. He gave history of contact with leaves of Calotropis. Although many authors[1],[2] have reported Calotropis endothelial toxicity associated with corneal edema and iridocyclitis due to the acidic nature of the milky sap toxins[3] from the plant, our observation of Hypopyon [Figure 1], adds further insight into the early diagnosis and treatment of such patients without scepticism for the general ophthalmologists. The prognosis of this condition is excellent with topical steroids [Figure 2].
Figure 1: Shows diffuse corneal edema with Descemet's membrane folds and Hypopyon following Calotropis milk sap contact toxicity

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Figure 2: Four weeks follow-up image showing resolving epithelial defect and Descemetfs membrane folds

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Declaration of patient consent

The authors certify that they have obtained all appropriate patient consent forms. In the form the patient(s) has/have given his/her/their consent for his/her/their images and other clinical information to be reported in the journal. The patients understand that their names and initials will not be published and due efforts will be made to conceal their identity, but anonymity cannot be guaranteed.

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Conflicts of Interest

There are no conflicts of interest.

  References Top

Tomar VP, Agarwal PK, Agarwal BL. Toxic iridocyclitis caused by Calotropis. Indian J Ophthalmol 1970;18:15-6.  Back to cited text no. 1
  [Full text]  
Shivkar MY, Kumar VL. Histamine mediates the pro-inflammatory effect of Calotropis procera in rats. Mediators Inflamm 2003;12:299-302.  Back to cited text no. 2
Basak SK, Bhaumik A, Mohanta A, Singhal P. Ocular toxicity by latex of Calotropis procera (Sodom apple). Indian J Ophthalmol 2009;57:232-4.  Back to cited text no. 3
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